Saturday, June 15, 2024

Navigating the EU Supply Chain Act: An in-depth look at the challenges for German companies

User avatar of Thomas Hellmuth Sander

Thomas Hellmuth Sander

5 min read·41 Reads
Navigating the EU Supply Chain Act: An in-depth look at the challenges for German companies

Implementing the EU Supply Chain Act is a complex yet vital challenge. It demands innovative solutions, rigorous due diligence, and technological advancements to ensure ethical and sustainable practices across global supply chains. This is the future of responsible business.

Dear Readers,

The EU Supply Chain Act, officially known as the "EU Directive on corporate due diligence to prevent human rights abuses and environmental harm in supply chains", is a ground-breaking piece of legislation designed to promote ethical business practices in Europe. As noble as the intentions are, the practical implementation of this directive poses a number of challenges, especially for German companies. Let's take a closer look at these challenges and shed some light on the complexities and nuances involved.

Complexity of supply chains

German companies, like many others around the world, operate in complicated and widely ramified supply networks. These networks often span several continents and include numerous suppliers and subcontractors. Mapping and auditing this extensive chain to ensure compliance with the new regulations is no easy task. It requires considerable resources and an unprecedented level of transparency and coordination between all parties involved.

Improved due diligence framework

The Directive prescribes a rigorous due diligence process. Companies must not only identify and assess potential human rights and environmental risks, but also take effective measures to mitigate or eliminate these risks. This goes beyond superficial controls and requires a deep and continuous commitment throughout the supply chain. Developing and maintaining such comprehensive due diligence procedures is both time-consuming and complex and requires a robust framework, which many companies currently lack.

Documentation and reporting requirements

In order to demonstrate compliance, companies must prepare detailed reports and maintain extensive documentation. This administrative burden can be particularly onerous for smaller companies, as they may not have the infrastructure or staff to cope with the increased workload. The need for meticulous record keeping and regular reporting creates an additional bureaucratic burden that can overtax already limited resources.

Fines and liability

Under the new law, the stakes are high. Companies that fail to fulfil their due diligence obligations will face significant fines and potential liability. This increased legal and financial risk forces companies to be more vigilant and proactive in complying with the regulations. The threat of sanctions is a strong motivator, but also increases the pressure, especially for companies that have little experience in dealing with such risks.

Harmonisation with international standards

Many German companies need to harmonise their compliance efforts with existing international standards and regulations, such as the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights and the OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises. This alignment requires a sophisticated understanding of the various frameworks and the ability to integrate them seamlessly into the company's operations. The challenge is to harmonise these standards without creating contradictory or redundant processes.

Costs and resources

Implementing the necessary measures can be financially costly, especially for small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). In contrast to larger companies, SMEs often have tighter budgets and fewer human resources. The financial burden of adapting to the new requirements can be significant and potentially impact their competitiveness and viability.

Supplier management

Ensuring that all suppliers are compliant is another daunting task. Companies may need to renegotiate existing supplier contracts or find new, compliant partners. This can lead to higher costs and require operational adjustments. The process of vetting suppliers and monitoring compliance on an ongoing basis is resource intensive and can disrupt established supply chain dynamics.

Training and awareness raising

Effective implementation of the directive requires that all employees and managers understand the new requirements and their role in compliance. This requires comprehensive training programmes and ongoing awareness campaigns. Building this internal capacity is crucial but can be challenging, particularly for organisations with a diverse workforce or those spread across multiple locations.

Technological challenges

The directive also brings with it technological requirements, as companies will need to collect, analyse and monitor data across their entire supply chain. This often requires the introduction of new IT systems and technologies. Integrating these systems can be technically challenging and costly, requiring specialised expertise and significant investment.


The implementation of the EU Supply Chain Act represents a major challenge for German companies. It requires a holistic approach to supply chain management that includes detailed due diligence, robust documentation and continuous monitoring and adaptation. Even if there are difficulties along the way, the goal of promoting more ethical and sustainable business practices is of great value. For companies willing to embrace these changes, the Directive provides an opportunity to lead by example and contribute to a more responsible global economy.


Thomas Hellmuth-Sander

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